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All about Aroids

All about Aroids

Aroids are a fascinating group of plants (known as the Araceae family) that are extremely popular among tropical plant collectors. With their striking foliage, unique flowers, and often easy-to-care-for nature, aroids are the perfect addition to any plant collection. Here’s everything you need to know about aroids.

What are Aroids?

Aroids, or  Araceae, are a family of plants that includes more than 4,000 species in over 140 genera. They come in a variety of sizes and shapes, from the tiny leaves of the Peperomia to the giant, exotic-looking leaves of the Colocasia. The unique combination of spathe and spadix known as the inflorescence, and sometimes referred to as a "flower", is a distinguishing feature of all aroids. Aroids are prized for their unique foliage, which can be variegated, patterned, or even shaped like hearts or arrowheads.

All about Aroids

Types of Aroids

There are many different types of aroids, but some of the most popular varieties include:

  1. Philodendrons: These are some of the most commonly grown aroids, often with large, glossy leaves and striking colours.
  2. Monsteras: Known for their distinctive fenestrated leaves, monsteras are a popular choice for indoor gardens.
    All about Aroids
  3. Anthuriums: The largest genus within the Araceae family, these plants are showy; some have shimmering velvet leaves, some with sparking venation, and some display colourful  spathe. 
  4. Alocasias: These plants grow from rhizomes, and can become dormant in the colder months.
  5. Aglaonemas: These plants have broad, colourful leaves and are easy to care for.

How to Care for Aroids

Aroids are generally easy to care for, making them a great choice for novice gardeners. Some of the more difficult Aroids such as velvet leaf anthuriums and provide an exciting challenge for the intermediate garden. Here are some tips for caring for your aroids:

  1. Light: Most aroids prefer bright, indirect light. However, some varieties, like the ZZ plant and velvet leaf anthuriums, can tolerate low light.
  2. Water: Aroids like to be kept moist, but not waterlogged. They should be watered when the top 3 - 5 cm of soil is dry.  
  3. Humidity: Aroids thrive in humid environments. You can increase the humidity around your plants by placing a humidifier nearby. The majority of commonly sold aroids will grow well in regular household humidity, but they should be kept as far as possible from heating vents that will dry out the air. 
  4. Soil: Aroids prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Soil amended with products such as perlite, orchid bark, and pumice is commonly referred to as ‘aroid mix’. 
  5. Fertiliser: Aroids benefit from regular fertilisation, especially during the growing season. We find they respond very well to Growth Technology Foliage Focus. We use it every second watering during the growing season, and once a month or less during autumn and winter. 

In conclusion, aroids are a unique and easy-to-care-for group of plants that are perfect for any plant lover. With their striking foliage and unique flowers, aroids are sure to add a touch of exotic beauty to your indoor or outdoor garden. By following these simple care tips, your aroids will thrive for years to come.

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